header image Professor Hakim Dilshad Hussain Tabssum (Gold Medalist) Ex-member: American Infertility Association (USA)
 
 

Ovarian & problem

Ovarian-problem

What is ovarian function , Problem , Solution with Herbal Treatment ?

what is ovarian function

The ovary  is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system. Ovaries in female individuals are analogous to testes in male individuals, in that they are both gonads and endocrine glands. Although ovaries occur in a wide variety of animals, both vertebrate and invertebrate, this article is primarily about ovaries in humans.

Detail  is ovarian  function

The ovaries secrete both estrogen and progesterone into the bloodstream, and thus they are important endocrine glands. Before the onset of puberty the ovaries are quiescent, and the cortex of each ovary contains only immature follicles. Puberty begins with pulsatile nocturnal secretion ofgonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus. Nocturnal pulses are initiated at least in part by increasing body size, which may cause an increase in the secretion of leptin (from the Greek leptos, meaning “thin”; a protein hormone important for regulation of reproduction,metabolism, and body weight), which in turn stimulates the secretion of GnRH. Pulsatile secretion of GnRH activates the gonadotroph cells of the anterior pituitary, resulting in pulses of secretion of moderate quantities of FSH and of significant quantities of LH. In time, pulsatile secretion of GnRH and pulsatile secretion of the gonadotropins occur continuously. Increasing secretion of gonadotropins leads to increasing production of estrogens by the ovaries. Estrogens stimulate the development of secondary sex characteristics and the maturation of ovarian follicles. Increased secretion of estrogens normally occurs between ages 8 and 14 in girls.

What is Ovarian Problem?

Ovarian reserve refers to the number and quality of eggs in a woman’s ovaries. Ovarian reserve naturally declines as women age and approach menopause. Some women experience this decline earlier in life (for unknown reasons) and this is a common cause of infertility.
Studies show that women with better ovarian reserve will tend to have better response to infertility treatments such as ovarian stimulation for IVF and therefore will have more eggs retrieved. In general, having more eggs produced with IVF gives a higher success rate. These tests probably do not reflect egg quality, but having more eggs at the IVF egg retrieval gives us more to work with – so we are more likely to have at least one high quality embryo available for transfer back to the uterus. In addition, these measures of ovarian reserve help us to determine the dosage of medications required to stimulate your ovaries.
 

Tests for Ovarian Reserve

 The following tests are used in combination to assess your ovarian reserve.
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) – FSH is a hormone that is measured by a blood test. Developing egg-containing follicles produce estrogen which signals the brain (hypothalamus) to increase or reduce the amount of FSH produced by the pituitary gland. When only a few follicles are developing, estrogen levels are lower and more FSH is produced. This leads to higher levels of FSH during the early menstrual cycle (day 2-4). FSH levels greater than 10-11 mIU/mL may be a sign of reduced of ovarian reserve.
  • Anti –Mullerian Hormone (AMH) – AMH is a hormone that is measured by a blood test. AMH is produced by follicles in the ovaries and the level reflects the remaining egg supply in the ovaries. With increasing female age, the number of eggs in the ovary decreases. Likewise, the blood AMH levels decrease with age. AMH level less than 1.0 ng/ml may be a sign of reduced of ovarian reserve.
  • Antral Follicle Count (AFC) – AFC is a test that is performed by transvaginal ultrasound. The total number of small (antral) follicles in both ovaries are usually measured during the first few days of the menstrual cycle. The number of ovarian follicles visible on ultrasound decreases with age. Fewer than 10 antral follicles may be a sign of reduced ovarian reserve.

What is ovarian function , Problem , Solution with Herbal Treatment ?

 1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome      2. Premature Ovarian Failure    3. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

4. Ovary Disorders                            5. Ovarian Cysts                         6. Ovarian Cancer

1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome 

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) happens when a woman’s ovaries or adrenal glands produce more male hormones than normal. One result is that cysts (fluid-filled sacs) develop on the ovaries. Women who are obese are more likely to have polycystic ovary syndrome.
Symptoms of PCOS include:
  • Infertility
  • Pelvic pain
  • Excess hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, thumbs, or toes
  • Baldness or thinning hair
  • Acne, oily skin, or dandruff
  • Patches of thickened dark brown or black skin
 

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